PipeChat Digest #1508 - Wednesday, July 12, 2000
Re:  Celestes
  by "Chris Baker" <chorale@clara.co.uk>

(back) Subject: Re: Celestes From: "Chris Baker" <chorale@clara.co.uk> Date: Wed, 12 Jul 2000 11:43:25 +0100     From: Ed Subject: Celestes     > What is the difference between a voix celeste and an unda maris stop? > Ed   I think the UK take on this may be different to that in the US.   A *constructed* quote from "Modern British Organ" by Bonavia-Hunt, is as follows:-   "There are four main types of celeste. (i) That produced with dulciana pipes and called Vox Angelica. (ii) That from viols which is termed Violes Celestes. (iii) That from miniature string stops, eg salicional, called Voix Celestes; &(iv), Or that produced with soft-toned flutes and called Unda Maris.   It matters not in the least whether the 'out-of-tune' rank is tuned sharp or flat "   END 'QUOTE'.   I understand that E.M.Skinner lays claim to the 'invention' of this register, though it is far more likely that he, like many others, *experimented* with it. The 1889 Norman and Beard organ in Norwich Cathedral is was noted as having a very beautiful example of an Unda Maris on its echo division. I am not however up to date on the present state, spec., or rebuild history of the instrument   Regards, Chris Baker